Beidler, Peter G. Murdering Indians; A Documentary History of the 1897 Killings That Inspired Louise Erdrich’s The Plague of Doves. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2013.
Black, A. P. “Ott.” The End of the Long Horn Trail. Selfridge, North Dakota: Selfridge Journal, n.d. .
“Devilish!” Emmons County Record, February 19, 1897.
Erdrich Louise. “The Plague of Doves.” New Yorker (June 28, 2004), pp. 91–97 [cited as “PD” in the text].
The Plague of Doves. New York: HarperCollins, 2008 [cited as PD in the text].
The Round House. New York: Harper Collins, 2012 [cited as RH in the text].
“The True Story of Mustache Maude.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies 7 (1984): 62–67.
Feldner, Dan. “Baby in Cradle Only Survivor of 1920 Mass Murder.” Minot Daily News, October 1, 2008.
Keel, Vernon. The Murdered Family: Mystery of the Wolf Family Murders. Denver: Wanamaker Press, 2010.
Kesey, Ken. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. New York: Signet, 1962.
McCrory, Glenn. Tragedy on the Prairie: The Spicer Family Murders, 1897. Edited by Allan Burke. Linton, North Dakota: Emmons County Record, 1999.
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Noori, Margaret Ann. “The Shiver of Possibility.” The Women’s Review of Books
(25.5 (September-October 2008): 12–13.
Rolfsrud, Erling Nicholai. “Mustache Maude.” Extraordinary North Dakotans.
Alexandria, Minnesota: Lantern Books, 1954. 49–52.
Note: For useful background information on Erdrich and her earlier novels, readers should consult Connie A. Jacobs, The Novels of Louise Erdrich: Stories of her People (New York: Lang, 2001); Connie A. Jacobs, Greg Sarris, and James R. Giles, Approaches to Teaching the Works of Louise Erdrich (New York: Modern Language Association, 2004); and Peter G. Beidler and Gay Barton, A Reader’s Guide to the Novels of Louise Erdrich (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, Revised and Expanded Edition, 2006). For discussions of The Plague of Doves, readers may be want to consult Louise Erdrich: Tracks, The Last Report on the Miracles at Little No Horse, The Plague of Doves, edited by Deborah L. Madsen (London and New York: Continuum, 2011). The three articles on The Plague of Doves, have little to do with the issues raised in my article. In fact, they scarcely mention the Lochren murders or the lynching.